python 提示 ssl 错误 urlopen error [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED 的解决办法

作者:小鱼的互联网观察 发布时间:December 13, 2023 分类:互联网观察


urllib.error.URLError: <urlopen error [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: unable to get local issuer certificate (_ssl.c:997)>


# sample script to install or update a set of default Root Certificates# for the ssl module.  Uses the certificates provided by the certifi package:# osimport os.pathimport sslimport statimport subprocessimport sysSTAT_0o775 = ( stat.S_IRUSR | stat.S_IWUSR | stat.S_IXUSR             | stat.S_IRGRP | stat.S_IWGRP | stat.S_IXGRP             | stat.S_IROTH |                stat.S_IXOTH )def main():    openssl_dir, openssl_cafile = os.path.split(        ssl.get_default_verify_paths().openssl_cafile)    print(" -- pip install --upgrade certifi")    subprocess.check_call([sys.executable,        "-E", "-s", "-m", "pip", "install", "--upgrade", "certifi"])    import certifi    # change working directory to the default SSL directory    os.chdir(openssl_dir)    relpath_to_certifi_cafile = os.path.relpath(certifi.where())    print(" -- removing any existing file or link")    try:        os.remove(openssl_cafile)    except FileNotFoundError:        pass    print(" -- creating symlink to certifi certificate bundle")    os.symlink(relpath_to_certifi_cafile, openssl_cafile)    print(" -- setting permissions")    os.chmod(openssl_cafile, STAT_0o775)    print(" -- update complete")if __name__ == '__main__':    main()

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python 提示 ssl 错误 urlopen error [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED 的解决办法


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